Selected review articles and chapters
Hope, L. & Gabbert, F. (2019). Expanding the legacy of the Cognitive Interview: Developments and innovations in evidence-based investigative interviewing. In J. J. Dickinson, N. Schreiber Compo, R. Carol, B. Schwartz, & M. McCauley (Eds.), Evidence-based Investigative Interviewing: Applying Cognitive Principles. New York, Routledge.
Hope, L., Gabbert, F., Heaton-Armstrong, A., & Wolchover, D. (2013). Self-Administered Witness Interviews. Criminal Law and Justice Weekly, January 12, volume 176.
Published SAI articles
Flowe, H., Humphries, J., Takarangi, M.K., Zelek, K., Karoğlu, N., Gabbert, F., & Hope, L. (2019). An experimental examination of the effects of alcohol consumption and exposure to misleading postevent information on remembering a hypothetical rape scenario. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 33, 393-413.
Gabbert, F., Hope, L., & Fisher, R. P. (2009). Protecting eyewitness evidence: Examining the efficacy of a self-administered interview tool. Law and Human Behavior, 33, 298-307. doi: 10.1007/s10979-008-9146-8
Gabbert, F., Hope, L., Fisher, R. P., & Jamieson, K. (2012). Protecting against misleading post-event misinformation with a self-administered interview. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 568-575. doi: 10.1002/acp.2828
Gabbert, F., Tamonyte, D., Apps, J., Caso, A., Woolnough, P., Hope, L. Handscomb, M., & Waterworth, G. (2020). Examining the Efficacy of a Self-Administered Report Form in Missing Person Investigations. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 25, 1-16.
Gawrylowicz, J., Memon, A., & Scoboria, A. (2014a). Equipping witnesses with transferable skills: The Self-Administered Interview. Psychology, Crime & Law, 20, 315-325. doi: 10.1080/1068316X.2016.777961
Gawrylowicz, J., Memon, A., Scoboria, A., Hope, L., & Gabbert, F. (2014b). Enhancing older adults’ eyewitness memory for present and future events with the Self-Administered Interview. Psychology and Aging, 29, 885-890. doi: 10.1037/a0038048
Gittins, C. B., Paterson, H. M., & Sharpe, L. (2015). How does immediate recall of a stressful event affect psychological response to it? Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 46, 19-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2014.07.006
Hope, L. & Gabbert, F. (2014). Capturing eyewitness testimony using the Self-Administered Interview. Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs – Home Team Journal.
Hope, L., Gabbert, F., Fisher, R. P., & Jamieson, K. (2014). Protecting and enhancing eyewitness memory: The impact of an initial recall attempt on performance in an investigative interview. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 304-313. doi: 10.1002/acp.2984
Hope, L., Gabbert, F. & Fisher, R. P. (2011). From laboratory to the street: Capturing witness memory using a Self-Administered Interview. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 16, 211-226.
Hope, L. & Gabbert, F. (2011). Protecting Eyewitness Evidence: What can the Self-Administered interview (SAI©) contribute to the investigation of Road Traffic Incidents? Impact: The Journal of the Institute of Traffic Accident Investigators, 19, 3, 14-18.
Horry, R., Hughes, C., Sharma, A., Gabbert, F. & Hope, L. (2020). A Meta-Analytic Review of the Self-Administered Interview©: Quantity and Accuracy of Details Reported on Initial and Subsequent Retrieval Attempts. Applied Cognitive Psychology. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3753
Kraus, U., Zeier, F., Wagner, W., Paelecke, M., & Hewig, J. S. (2017). Comparing the quality of memory reports in different initial eyewitness questioning approaches. Cogent Psychology, 4:1, 1403063. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2017.1403063
Krix, A. C., Sauerland, N., Gabbert, F., & Hope, L. (2014). Providing eyewitnesses with initial retrieval support: What works at immediate and subsequent recall? Psychology, Crime & Law, 20, 1005-1027. doi: 10.1080/1068316X.2014.902456
Krix, A. C., Sauerland, M., Lorei, C., & Rispens, I. (2015). Consistency across repeated eyewitness interviews: Contrasting police detectives’ beliefs with actual eyewitness performance. PLoS One, 10, e0118641. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118641
Krix, A. C., Sauerland, M., Merckelbach, H., Gabbert, F., & Hope, L. (2015). How effective is retrieval support for witnesses with different levels of working and source memory? Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 27, 335-348. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2014.1003219 ???
Krix, A. C., Sauerland, M., Raymaekers, L. H. C., Memon, A., Quadflieg, C. W. E. M., & Smeets, T. (2016). Eyewitness evidence obtained with the Self-Administered Interview© is unaffected by stress. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30, 103-112. doi: 10.1002/acp.3173
Mackay, T. L., & Paterson, H. M. (2015). How does timing of recall affect eyewitness memory and psychological distress? Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 30, 242-253. doi: 10.1007/s11896-014-9156-z
MacLean, C., Gabbert, F. & Hope, L. (2019). The Self-Administered Witness Interview Tool (SAW-ITTM): Enhancing witness recall of workplace incidents. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 10.1002/acp.3568
Maras, K., L., Mulcahy, S., Memon, A., Picariello, F., & Bowler, D. M. (2014). Evaluating the effectiveness of the Self-Administered Interview© for witnesses with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28, 693-701. doi: 10.1002/acp.3055
Matsuo, K., & Miura, H. (2016). Effectiveness of the Self-Administered Interview and drawing pictures for eliciting eyewitness memories. Psychology, Psychiatry & Law, 24, 643-654. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2016.1254587
McPhee, I., Paterson, H. M., & Kemp, R. I. (2014). The Power of the Spoken Word: Can Spoken-Recall Enhance Eyewitness Evidence? Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 21:4, 551-566, DOI: 10.1080/13218719.2013.848001
Paterson, H. M., Eijkemans, H., & Kemp, R. I. (2015). Investigating the impact of delayed administration on the efficacy of the Self-Administered Interview. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 22, 307-317. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2014.947670
Smith, K. & Milne, B. (2018). Witness interview strategy for critical incidents (WISCI). Journal of Forensic Practice, 20, 4, 268-278. doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/JFP-03-2018-0007
From laboratory to the street: Capturing witness memory using the Self- Administered Interview. Legal and criminological psychology, 16, 211-226.
Hope, L., Gabbert, F., & Fisher, R. (2011).
Self-Administered Witness Interview. Criminal Law and Justice Weekly, 177.
Hope, L., Gabbert, F., Heaton-Armstrong, A., & Wolchover, D. (2013).
Interviewing victims and witnesses. In N. Brewer, & A. Bradfield Douglass (Eds.), Psychological Science and the Law The Guildford Press.
Hope, L., & Gabbert, F. (2019).
Expanding the legacy of the cognitive interview: developments and innovations in evidence-based investigative interviewing. In J. J. Dickinson, N. Schreiber Compo, R. Carol, B. L. Schwartz, & M. McCauley (Eds.), Evidence-based Investigative Interviewing: Applying Cognitive Principles (1st ed., pp. 42-55). Routledge.
Hope, L., & Gabbert, F. (2019).
SAI in the field
Recommendations for use in the Guidelines for First Responders on Obtaining Initial Accounts from Victims and Witnesses published by the College of Policing
Parliamentary Office for Science and Technology (POST) Report incoporates review of the SAI© for improving witness testimony
New Developments, Directions and Projects
Capturing best information from witnesses to serious road traffic collisions
Funded by the Road Safety Trust
In collaboration with South Wales Police
Research Team: Ruth Horry1, Chelsea Hughes1, Fiona Gabbert2, Lorraine Hope3
2Goldsmiths University of London
3University of Portsmouth
The overall aim of this project is to increase road safety for all road users by increasing the efficiency and successful prosecution rate of investigations into serious road traffic collisions. It will develop a bespoke version of the Self-Administered Interview (SAI) specifically for use with witnesses to Road Traffic
Collisions (the SAI-RTC).
Enhancing Missing Person Investigations: Development of the SAI-MISSING
Fiona Gabbert1, Donata Tamonyte1, Joe Apps2, Alessandra Caso1, Penny Woolnough3, Lorraine Hope4, Megan Handscomb1, & Georgina Waterworth1
1Goldsmiths University of London
2Missing Persons Unit, National Crime Agency
4University of Portsmouth
The success of missing person investigations often centres on the quality of information obtained in the early stages. Reliable information can not only inform the search but might also become vital evidence if the case broadens into a criminal investigation relating to a sexual offence, abduction, or even murder.
In addition to eliciting high quality information, police officers must consider that those close to the missing person are likely going through a very difficult and stressful time. Across two studies, we developed and tested a self-administered form (SAI-MISSING) designed to obtain reliable information that would meaningfully inform a missing person investigation, as well as providing a means for family and friends to be actively involved.
In Experiment 1, 65 participants were tested individually and asked to provide a description of a person they knew well but had not seen for 24 hours. In the second study, 64 participants were tested in pairs, but immediately separated into different rooms and instructed to imagine that the person they came with has gone missing. In both studies participants completed either the SAI-MISSING tool, or a selfadministered control form. In Experiment 1 we found that the SAI-MISSING tool elicited significantly more information regarding physical descriptions and descriptions of clothing and personal effects,
than the comparison control form.
In Experiment 2 we replicated this finding, and further showed that
the SAI-MISSING tool produced higher accuracy rates than the control form.
Gabbert, F, Tamonyte, D., Apps, J., Cason, A., Woolnough, P., Hope, L., Handscomb, M. & Waterworth, G. (In press). Examining the Efficacy of a Self-Administered Report Form in Missing Person Investigations. Legal and Criminological Psychology.
The Self-Administered Witness Interview Tool (SAW-IT): Enhancing witness recall of workplace incidents
Research Team: Carla MacLean1, Fiona Gabbert2, Lorraine Hope3
1Kwantlen Polytechnic University, British Colombia, Canada
2Goldsmiths University of London
3University of Portsmouth
Given the often crucial role of witness evidence in Occupational Health and Safety investigation, statements should be obtained as soon as possible after an incident using best practice methods. The present research systematically tested the efficacy of a novel Self-Administered Witness Interview Tool (SAW-IT); an adapted version of the Self-Administered Interview (SAI©) designed to elicit comprehensive information from witnesses to industrial events. The present study also examined whether completing the SAW-IT mitigated the effect of schematic processing on witness recall. Results indicate that the SAW-IT elicited significantly more correct details, as well as more precise information than a traditional incident report form. Neither the traditional report from, nor the SAW-IT mitigated against biasing effects of contextual information about a worker’s safety history, confirming that witnesses should be shielded from extraneous post-event information prior to reporting. Importantly, these results demonstrate that the SAW-IT can enhance the quality of witness reports.
MacLean, C., Gabbert, F. & Hope, L. (2019). The Self-Administered Witness Interview Tool (SAW-ITTM): Enhancing witness recall of workplace incidents. Applied Cognitive Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/acp.3568